|Creator:||Dillard, Hardy Cross|
|Title:||Addendum to the Papers of Hardy Cross Dillard [a]|
|Parent Collection:||The Papers of Hardy Cross Dillard|
|Description:||12 boxes; 6 linear feet|
|Photograph Collection:||View 2 digitized photographs|
|Digitized Content:||2 objects|
|Use Restrictions:||There are no restrictions.|
Collection Description & Arrangement
The 12 boxes contain files of Hardy Cross Dillard's work as judge on the International Court of Justice from 1970 to 1979. Significant materials besides the case files include 20 folders of personal correspondence, speeches and writings.
Biographical & Historical Information
Hardy Cross Dillard was born in New Orleans in 1902, the second son of Dr. James H. Dillard and Avarene Budd Dillard. Dr. Dillard, a professor of mathematics, literature and classics, also served as dean at Tulane University. In 1911 the family moved to Paris where Hardy learned French and received his early schooling. Later the family settled in Charlottesville, and Hardy spent most of his preparatory school years at Virginia Episcopal School in Lynchburg. After one year at the University of Virginia, he transferred in 1920 to the U.S. Military Academy. Upon graduation in 1924, he returned to the University of Virginia to study law.
During his law school years, Hardy was an outstanding student and an editor of the Virginia Law Review. After graduation in 1927, he accepted the invitation to serve as acting professor at the Law School for a couple of years. He then spent a year practicing law in New York and a year as a Carnegie Endowment Fellow at the University of Paris before returning to teach law at Virginia where he would remain a member of the faculty until retirement in 1968. Dillard taught and wrote on the subjects of contracts, international law, and jurisprudence, among others. In time he became one of the best loved and most respected members of the Law School community in the twentieth century. In 1963 he began a five-year term as dean. A couple of years after his retirement he was appointed judge on the International Court of Justice at The Hague where he served until 1979.
In tandem with his career in legal education, Dillard had a military career. In 1942 he offered his service to the U.S. Army and quickly achieved the rank of colonel, serving in Europe and the Far East. For many years after the war, he held various advisory positions at the National War College and the U.S. Air Force Academy.
During the turbulent years following the Supreme Court's decision in Brown v. Board of Education, Dillard took a leadership role in opposing Virginia's advocates of massive resistance. In 1955 he argued for the defense before the Virginia Supreme Court in Almond v. Day, a case testing the legality of laws giving veterans' orphans grants to be used for either public or private schooling. Virginia's Comptroller Day had refused to pay these grants on the grounds that they were unconstitutional, and the Court agreed. Through the 1960s Dillard worked determinedly in support of the integration of Virginia's public schools.
Hardy Dillard married Janet Schauffler, and they had a daughter, Joan, and a son, Hardy. Janet died in 1970, and two years later Hardy married Valgerdur Dent. He died in Charlottesville in 1982.
|Chronology of Hardy Cross Dillard's Life|
|1902||Born in New Orleans, Louisiana on 23 October to James Hardy and Avarene Lippincott Budd Dillard|
|1911-1912||Lived in France and attended a French Lycee|
|1915-1916||Attended high school in Charlottesville, Virginia|
|1916-1919||Attended and graduated from Virginia Episcopal School, Lynchburg, Va.|
|1919-1920||Attended University of Virginia|
|1920-1924||Attended and graduated from United States Military Academy|
|1924-1927||Attended and graduated from University of Virginia Law School|
|1926||Summer law clerk, Price, Smith and Spillman, Charleston, W. Va.|
|1927||Admitted to Virginia Bar|
|1927-1929||Acting Assistant Professor, University of Virginia Law School|
|1928||Travelled in England, France, Italy and Algiers|
|1929-1930||Practiced law at Gregg and Church, New York, N.Y.|
|1930-31||Carnegie Endowment Fellow, (Faculte de droit,) University of Paris|
|1931-1933||Acting assistant (associate?) professor, University of Virginia Law School|
|1932, -33||Summer associate, Davis, Polk, Wardell, Gardiner and Reed, New York, N.Y.|
|1933-38||Associate Professor, University of Virginia School of Law|
|1934||Married Janet Gray Schauffler|
|1935||Birth of Joan Jarvis Dillard|
|1937-1940||Assistant Dean, University of Virginia Law School|
|1937-1940||Advisory Editor, Virginia Quarterly Review|
|1938-1970||Professor, University of Virginia Law School|
|1937||Birth of Hardy Schauffler Dillard|
|1938- 1942||Director, Institute of Public Affairs|
|1942||Major, U.S. Army; promoted to Lt. Colonel, same year|
|1942-1945||Received command and staff assignments in Europe and Far East; awarded Legion of Merit with Oak Leaf Cluster and Bronze Star Medal|
|1943||Promoted to Colonel, U.S. Army|
|1943-1944||Director of Academic Instruction, School for Military Government|
|1946||First Director of Studies, National War College|
|1947-1950||Consultant, Brookings Institution|
|1947||Resumed teaching at University of Virginia Law School|
|1948||Colonel, U.S. Army Reserve|
|1949-52||Member of Board of Consultants, National War College|
|1949||Member, Civilian Advisory Group, National War College|
|1950||Active duty in International Section, Pentagon; Legal Consultant, Office of High Commissioner for Germany; Lecturer, France and Germany|
|1951-1954||Member, Board of Consultants, National War College|
|1952-1961||Trustee, Virginia Episcopal School|
|1953||Fulbright Lecturer, Oxford University|
|1953-1957||Summer active duty, Judge Advocate General's School|
|1956||Civilian Consultant, Army War College|
|1956-1962||Editor, Virginia Bar News|
|1957||Carnegie Lecturer, Hague Academy of International Law|
|1957||Recipient, Raven Award|
|1957||Consultant, NATO Defense College in France|
|1958-1970||James Monroe Professor of Law, University of Virginia Law School|
|1962||Secretary, Defense Committee on Non-technical Instruction in Armed Forces|
|1962||Lecturer, Egyptian Society of International Law and University of Cairo|
|1962-1963||Visiting Professor of Law, Columbia University|
|1962-1963||President, American Society of International Law|
|1963- 1979||Member of Council, American Law Institute|
|1963- 1968||Dean, University of Virginia Law School|
|1965||Member, Virginia Magna Charta Commission|
|1965||Member, Special Advisory Committee, Air Force Academy|
|1966-1970||Permanent Advisory Council, Air Force Academy|
|1966||Sibley Lecturer, University of Georgia|
|1967||Recipient, Thomas Jefferson Award, University of Virginia|
|1967||Member, UNESCO Committee on the Role of UNESCO in the Teaching and Dissemination of International Law|
|1967||Tucker Lecturer, Washington and Lee Law School|
|1967||Bailey Lecturer, Louisiana State University|
|1968||Member, Virginia Commission on Constitution Revision|
|1970||Recipient of Distinguished Civilian Award, U.S. Air Force|
|1970-1979||Judge, International Court of Justice, The Hague|
|1970||Death of Janet Schauffler Dillard|
|1971||Member, Arbitral Tribunal, Beagle Channel Case between Chile and Argentina|
|1971||Recipient of Honorary Degree, Tulane University|
|1972||Married Valgerdur Nielsen Dent|
|1976||Recipient of Honorary Degree, Washington College, Maryland|
|1977||Mooers Lecturer, American University|
|1979||Recipient of the Wolfgang Friedman Memorial Award, Columbia University|
|1979||Honorary President, American Law Institute|
|1982||Died on 12 May in Charlottesville, Virginia|
|1989||Hardy S. Dillard died in February|
|Donor Information||This addition to the Hardy Cross Dillard papers was given to the Law Library by his widow Valgerdur Dillard, in February 1987.|
- Beagle Channel Arbitration (BCA): Correspondence 1970-1978 [6 folders]
- BCA: Handwritten notes on Verbatim Record 
- BCA: HCD's memoranda [notes and final copies] 
- BCA: HCD's memoranda and response 
- BCA: Notes and research material n.d. [2 folders]
- BCA: Memoranda and other documents compiled by Court of Arbitration 1971-76, n.d.
- BCA: Printed research material 1975, n.d.
- BCA: Notes on the case in the form of questions n.d.
- BCA: Notes on cartography n.d.
- BCA: Documents presented by Argentina and Chile 1974-76 [4 folders]
- BCA: Verbatim Records 1974, Nov. 29
- BCA: Verbatim Records annotated by HCD 1976 Sept. 8--Oct. 23 [10 folders]
- BCA: [Drafts of the Decision] n.d.
- Charter of the United Nations with Statute of the International Court of Justice and Rules of Court, with annotations by HCD n.d.
- F. R. G. v. Iceland: Application, Memorials and Reports 1972-73
- GEN. 70/27, 70/27 bis, 70/27 ter, 70/41, 71/12, 78/38 1970-71, -78
- Greece v. Turkey (GT): GT 76/15, 76/16, 78/1, 78/4, 78/5 1976, 1978
- 78/10-13, 78/15-19, 78/29, 78/35-39, 78/46; Memorial of Greece
- GT: C.R. 76/1-3, 78/1-7, 1976, 1978 [3 folders]
- GT: Reports and Judgments 1976, 1977
- GT: Memoranda 1975, n.d.
- India v. Pakistan (IP): I.P. 72/5, 72/49 (in Fr.), C.R. 72/7 (verbatim record) 1972
- IP: Application Instituting Proceedings and Reports 1973
- IP: Memoranda n.d.
- Interim Protective Orders: Notes n.d.
- Namibia Case: Request for Advisory Opinion 1970
- NAM. 70/4, 71/30, 71/50, 71/52 1971
- Namibia: Memoranda n.d.
- Nuclear Test Cases: Applications for Permission to Intervene and Reports of Judgements 1973
- Nuclear: ANZ 73/85, 74/50 1974
- Nuclear: Memoranda n.d.
- P.V. 71/19, 72/32, 75/1, 76/9, 77/3, 77/14, 77/19, 77/21 1971-77
- R.J. 73/11, 73/19, 73/24, 73/43 [re U.N. Administrative Tribunal] 1973
- RR 75/1, 75/3, 76/15, 76/15 bis, 76/16, 76/17, 77/6, 77/7, 77/9, 77/13 bis, 77/16, 77/17 1976-77
- Rules Revision Committee--Working Documents 77/32, 77/50 1977
- Rules Revision Committee--Memoranda and Correspondence 1974-75
- U.K. and Ireland v. Iceland: Reports 1972-73
- U.K. ...: Memoranda 1973-74
- U.K. ...: AI 74/37, 74/16, and BI 74/12, 74/13 1974
- Western Sahara Case: Memoranda 1975
- Documents re various topics (some informal memoranda by HCD) 1970-80
- Miscellaneous memoranda 1973, 1975, n.d.
- Miscellaneous research material n.d.
- Book review by Oscar Schacter with notes by HCD c. 1977
- "Crank Mail" sent to HCD at The Hague c. 1970-79 [2 folders]
- Personal Correspondence 1940-45, 57-82, n.d. [20 folders]
- Speeches and other writings by HCD 1977, n.d.[Clippings]
- Seminar papers for Legal Philosophy taught by HCD 1969-70
- Reprints of articles sent to HCD by the authors and, in some cases, annotated by him
|Access||There are no restrictions.|
|Use Restrictions||There are no restrictions.|
Addendum to the Papers of Hardy C. Dillard, MSS 84-8a, Special Collections, University of Virginia Law School Library
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