Collection Summary

Creator: Dillard, Hardy Cross
Title: Addendum to the Papers of Hardy Cross Dillard [d]
Accession: MSS 84-8d
Parent Collection: The Papers of Hardy Cross Dillard
Description: 12 boxes
Location: Special Collections
Photograph Collection: View 0 digitized photographs
Digitized Content: 0 objects
Use Restrictions: There are no restrictions.

Collection Description & Arrangement

The bulk of this addition consists of his correspondence with personal as well as professional acquaintances for the years 1910-1971. Frequent correspondents include Phillip Jessup, Myres S. McDougal, Charlotte Kohler and Eberhard Deutsch, and occasional correspondents are such prominent figures as Robert Kennedy, Dean Rusk, John Stennis and George Kennan. Other legal scholars with whom Dillard corresponded include Lon Fuller, Arnold Wolfers and John Bassett Moore. These papers also contains several of Dillard's speeches, most of which deal with international relations. Several files pertain to his law practice, including his oral argument in Almond v. Day, a case concerning the payment of state funds to certain eligible children allowing them to attend private schools. Finally, several folders document Dillard's activities in university and alumni organizations.

Biographical & Historical Information

Hardy Cross Dillard was born in New Orleans in 1902, the second son of Dr. James H. Dillard and Avarene Budd Dillard. Dr. Dillard, a professor of mathematics, literature and classics, also served as dean at Tulane University. In 1911 the family moved to Paris where Hardy learned French and received his early schooling. Later the family settled in Charlottesville, and Hardy spent most of his preparatory school years at Virginia Episcopal School in Lynchburg. After one year at the University of Virginia, he transferred in 1920 to the U.S. Military Academy. Upon graduation in 1924, he returned to the University of Virginia to study law.

During his law school years, Hardy was an outstanding student and an editor of the Virginia Law Review. After graduation in 1927, he accepted the invitation to serve as acting professor at the Law School for a couple of years. He then spent a year practicing law in New York and a year as a Carnegie Endowment Fellow at the University of Paris before returning to teach law at Virginia where he would remain a member of the faculty until retirement in 1968. Dillard taught and wrote on the subjects of contracts, international law, and jurisprudence, among others. In time he became one of the best loved and most respected members of the Law School community in the twentieth century. In 1963 he began a five-year term as dean. A couple of years after his retirement he was appointed judge on the International Court of Justice at The Hague where he served until 1979.

In tandem with his career in legal education, Dillard had a military career. In 1942 he offered his service to the U.S. Army and quickly achieved the rank of colonel, serving in Europe and the Far East. For many years after the war, he held various advisory positions at the National War College and the U.S. Air Force Academy.

During the turbulent years following the Supreme Court's decision in Brown v. Board of Education, Dillard took a leadership role in opposing Virginia's advocates of massive resistance. In 1955 he argued for the defense before the Virginia Supreme Court in Almond v. Day, a case testing the legality of laws giving veterans' orphans grants to be used for either public or private schooling. Virginia's Comptroller Day had refused to pay these grants on the grounds that they were unconstitutional, and the Court agreed. Through the 1960s Dillard worked determinedly in support of the integration of Virginia's public schools.

Hardy Dillard married Janet Schauffler, and they had a daughter, Joan, and a son, Hardy. Janet died in 1970, and two years later Hardy married Valgerdur Dent. He died in Charlottesville in 1982.


Chronology of Hardy Cross Dillard's Life
1902 Born in New Orleans, Louisiana on 23 October to James Hardy and Avarene Lippincott Budd Dillard
1911-1912 Lived in France and attended a French Lycee
1915-1916 Attended high school in Charlottesville, Virginia
1916-1919 Attended and graduated from Virginia Episcopal School, Lynchburg, Va.
1919-1920 Attended University of Virginia
1920-1924 Attended and graduated from United States Military Academy
1924-1927 Attended and graduated from University of Virginia Law School
1926 Summer law clerk, Price, Smith and Spillman, Charleston, W. Va.
1927 Admitted to Virginia Bar
1927-1929 Acting Assistant Professor, University of Virginia Law School
1928 Travelled in England, France, Italy and Algiers
1929-1930 Practiced law at Gregg and Church, New York, N.Y.
1930-31 Carnegie Endowment Fellow, (Faculte de droit,) University of Paris
1931-1933 Acting assistant (associate?) professor, University of Virginia Law School
1932, -33 Summer associate, Davis, Polk, Wardell, Gardiner and Reed, New York, N.Y.
1933-38 Associate Professor, University of Virginia School of Law
1934 Married Janet Gray Schauffler
1935 Birth of Joan Jarvis Dillard
1937-1940 Assistant Dean, University of Virginia Law School
1937-1940 Advisory Editor, Virginia Quarterly Review
1938-1970 Professor, University of Virginia Law School
1937 Birth of Hardy Schauffler Dillard
1938- 1942 Director, Institute of Public Affairs
1942 Major, U.S. Army; promoted to Lt. Colonel, same year
1942-1945 Received command and staff assignments in Europe and Far East; awarded Legion of Merit with Oak Leaf Cluster and Bronze Star Medal
1943 Promoted to Colonel, U.S. Army
1943-1944 Director of Academic Instruction, School for Military Government
1946 First Director of Studies, National War College
1947-1950 Consultant, Brookings Institution
1947 Resumed teaching at University of Virginia Law School
1948 Colonel, U.S. Army Reserve
1949-52 Member of Board of Consultants, National War College
1949 Member, Civilian Advisory Group, National War College
1950 Active duty in International Section, Pentagon; Legal Consultant, Office of High Commissioner for Germany; Lecturer, France and Germany
1951-1954 Member, Board of Consultants, National War College
1952-1961 Trustee, Virginia Episcopal School
1953 Fulbright Lecturer, Oxford University
1953-1957 Summer active duty, Judge Advocate General's School
1956 Civilian Consultant, Army War College
1956-1962 Editor, Virginia Bar News
1957 Carnegie Lecturer, Hague Academy of International Law
1957 Recipient, Raven Award
1957 Consultant, NATO Defense College in France
1958-1970 James Monroe Professor of Law, University of Virginia Law School
1962 Secretary, Defense Committee on Non-technical Instruction in Armed Forces
1962 Lecturer, Egyptian Society of International Law and University of Cairo
1962-1963 Visiting Professor of Law, Columbia University
1962-1963 President, American Society of International Law
1963- 1979 Member of Council, American Law Institute
1963- 1968 Dean, University of Virginia Law School
1965 Member, Virginia Magna Charta Commission
1965 Member, Special Advisory Committee, Air Force Academy
1966-1970 Permanent Advisory Council, Air Force Academy
1966 Sibley Lecturer, University of Georgia
1967 Recipient, Thomas Jefferson Award, University of Virginia
1967 Member, UNESCO Committee on the Role of UNESCO in the Teaching and Dissemination of International Law
1967 Tucker Lecturer, Washington and Lee Law School
1967 Bailey Lecturer, Louisiana State University
1968 Member, Virginia Commission on Constitution Revision
1970 Recipient of Distinguished Civilian Award, U.S. Air Force
1970-1979 Judge, International Court of Justice, The Hague
1970 Death of Janet Schauffler Dillard
1971 Member, Arbitral Tribunal, Beagle Channel Case between Chile and Argentina
1971 Recipient of Honorary Degree, Tulane University
1972 Married Valgerdur Nielsen Dent
1976 Recipient of Honorary Degree, Washington College, Maryland
1977 Mooers Lecturer, American University
1979 Recipient of the Wolfgang Friedman Memorial Award, Columbia University
1979 Honorary President, American Law Institute
1982 Died on 12 May in Charlottesville, Virginia
1989 Hardy S. Dillard died in February

Acquisition Information

Date Received 1990
Donor Information The bulk of this addition to the Hardy Cross Dillard Papers was given to the library by his daughter, Joan Dillard, in March of 1990.                        

Content List

Box 78:

  • Alumni 1962-66
  • AALS (Association of American Law Schools) 1963
  • Bricker Amendment 1954
  • Civil Affairs Division 1945
  • Class of 1927 1932
  • Class of 1927 1937
  • Class of 1927 1947
  • Columbia Law School 1962-63 [2 folders]
  • Estoppel 1934-35
  • Family Correspondence 1910, 1917
  • International Court of Justice 1969-71 [3 folders]
  • Jurisprudence Fragments 1962, 1965-67
  • Miscellaneous Notes 1956-58, 1963, 1966, n.d.

Box 79:

  • Miscellany n.d. [2 folders]
  • National War College 1938, 1944, 1946-47, 1960
  • Notes: Lectures 1949 (?), 1951
  • Notes: Books, Articles, Speeches 1953, 1955, 1959
  • Notes: Books and Articles (corr. with Rear Admiral Robert Powers, Jr. concerning Cuban missile crisis) 1962, n.d.
  • Peace-time Universal Conscription 1945

Boxes 79-87:

  • Personal Correspondence 1926-71 [52 folders]

Box 87:

  • Practice: Almond v. Day 1954-55 [15 folders]

Box 88:

  • Practice: Board of Education of Prince George's County v. Arlington Air Conditioning 1959
  • Practice: Coal Case 1958 (?)
  • Practice: Miscellaneous Records and Briefs 1926
  • Practice: Minneapolis-Honeywell v. Arlington Air Conditioning 1958-59
  • Practice: U.S. Industries v. Camco 1956-60 [4 folders]
  • Seminar Papers 1950, 1957
  • U. Va. Sesquicentennial 1969
  • Virginia Bar Association 1946-7
  • Speech: "Arresting the Soviet Threat" 1952-53

Box 89:

  • Speeches: Miscellaneous Notes 1946-66
  • Speeches: Va. Federation of Women's Clubs; Chamber of Commerce/William Battle Dinner 1964, 1966
  • Speeches: The National War College, The Hague 1958, n.d.
  • Speeches: Anglo-American Relations 1954
  • Speeches: Recognitions of China 1963, 1965-68
  • Speeches: "Restraints on Foreign Policy" 1952
  • Speeches: Richmond Bar Assoc. -- "National Security and the Future" 1947

Associated People

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Preferred Citation

Addendum to the Papers of Hardy C. Dillard, MSS 84-8d, Special Collections, University of Virginia Law School Library

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