Collection Summary

Creator: Dillard, Hardy Cross
Title: Addendum to the Papers of Hardy Cross Dillard [e]
Accession: MSS 84-8e
Parent Collection: The Papers of Hardy Cross Dillard
Description: 2 boxes; 30 oversize items, 85 photographs
Location: Special Collections
Photograph Collection: View 18 digitized photographs
Digitized Content: 18 objects
Use Restrictions: There are no restrictions.

Collection Description & Arrangement

This addition to the Hardy Cross Dillard papers was given to the library in late 1991 by his widow, Valgerdur Dillard. Of interest in the files are congratulatory letters Dillard received when he was appointed dean of the University of Virginia School of Law. In addition there are numerous awards, certificates and degrees Dillard received throughout his life, as well as photographs dating from 1911 to 1980.

Biographical & Historical Information

Hardy Cross Dillard was born in New Orleans in 1902, the second son of Dr. James H. Dillard and Avarene Budd Dillard. Dr. Dillard, a professor of mathematics, literature and classics, also served as dean at Tulane University. In 1911 the family moved to Paris where Hardy learned French and received his early schooling. Later the family settled in Charlottesville, and Hardy spent most of his preparatory school years at Virginia Episcopal School in Lynchburg. After one year at the University of Virginia, he transferred in 1920 to the U.S. Military Academy. Upon graduation in 1924, he returned to the University of Virginia to study law.

During his law school years, Hardy was an outstanding student and an editor of the Virginia Law Review. After graduation in 1927, he accepted the invitation to serve as acting professor at the Law School for a couple of years. He then spent a year practicing law in New York and a year as a Carnegie Endowment Fellow at the University of Paris before returning to teach law at Virginia where he would remain a member of the faculty until retirement in 1968. Dillard taught and wrote on the subjects of contracts, international law, and jurisprudence, among others. In time he became one of the best loved and most respected members of the Law School community in the twentieth century. In 1963 he began a five-year term as dean. A couple of years after his retirement he was appointed judge on the International Court of Justice at The Hague where he served until 1979.

In tandem with his career in legal education, Dillard had a military career. In 1942 he offered his service to the U.S. Army and quickly achieved the rank of colonel, serving in Europe and the Far East. For many years after the war, he held various advisory positions at the National War College and the U.S. Air Force Academy.

During the turbulent years following the Supreme Court's decision in Brown v. Board of Education, Dillard took a leadership role in opposing Virginia's advocates of massive resistance. In 1955 he argued for the defense before the Virginia Supreme Court in Almond v. Day, a case testing the legality of laws giving veterans' orphans grants to be used for either public or private schooling. Virginia's Comptroller Day had refused to pay these grants on the grounds that they were unconstitutional, and the Court agreed. Through the 1960s Dillard worked determinedly in support of the integration of Virginia's public schools.

Hardy Dillard married Janet Schauffler, and they had a daughter, Joan, and a son, Hardy. Janet died in 1970, and two years later Hardy married Valgerdur Dent. He died in Charlottesville in 1982.


Chronology of Hardy Cross Dillard's Life
1902 Born in New Orleans, Louisiana on 23 October to James Hardy and Avarene Lippincott Budd Dillard
1911-1912 Lived in France and attended a French Lycee
1915-1916 Attended high school in Charlottesville, Virginia
1916-1919 Attended and graduated from Virginia Episcopal School, Lynchburg, Va.
1919-1920 Attended University of Virginia
1920-1924 Attended and graduated from United States Military Academy
1924-1927 Attended and graduated from University of Virginia Law School
1926 Summer law clerk, Price, Smith and Spillman, Charleston, W. Va.
1927 Admitted to Virginia Bar
1927-1929 Acting Assistant Professor, University of Virginia Law School
1928 Travelled in England, France, Italy and Algiers
1929-1930 Practiced law at Gregg and Church, New York, N.Y.
1930-31 Carnegie Endowment Fellow, (Faculte de droit,) University of Paris
1931-1933 Acting assistant (associate?) professor, University of Virginia Law School
1932, -33 Summer associate, Davis, Polk, Wardell, Gardiner and Reed, New York, N.Y.
1933-38 Associate Professor, University of Virginia School of Law
1934 Married Janet Gray Schauffler
1935 Birth of Joan Jarvis Dillard
1937-1940 Assistant Dean, University of Virginia Law School
1937-1940 Advisory Editor, Virginia Quarterly Review
1938-1970 Professor, University of Virginia Law School
1937 Birth of Hardy Schauffler Dillard
1938- 1942 Director, Institute of Public Affairs
1942 Major, U.S. Army; promoted to Lt. Colonel, same year
1942-1945 Received command and staff assignments in Europe and Far East; awarded Legion of Merit with Oak Leaf Cluster and Bronze Star Medal
1943 Promoted to Colonel, U.S. Army
1943-1944 Director of Academic Instruction, School for Military Government
1946 First Director of Studies, National War College
1947-1950 Consultant, Brookings Institution
1947 Resumed teaching at University of Virginia Law School
1948 Colonel, U.S. Army Reserve
1949-52 Member of Board of Consultants, National War College
1949 Member, Civilian Advisory Group, National War College
1950 Active duty in International Section, Pentagon; Legal Consultant, Office of High Commissioner for Germany; Lecturer, France and Germany
1951-1954 Member, Board of Consultants, National War College
1952-1961 Trustee, Virginia Episcopal School
1953 Fulbright Lecturer, Oxford University
1953-1957 Summer active duty, Judge Advocate General's School
1956 Civilian Consultant, Army War College
1956-1962 Editor, Virginia Bar News
1957 Carnegie Lecturer, Hague Academy of International Law
1957 Recipient, Raven Award
1957 Consultant, NATO Defense College in France
1958-1970 James Monroe Professor of Law, University of Virginia Law School
1962 Secretary, Defense Committee on Non-technical Instruction in Armed Forces
1962 Lecturer, Egyptian Society of International Law and University of Cairo
1962-1963 Visiting Professor of Law, Columbia University
1962-1963 President, American Society of International Law
1963- 1979 Member of Council, American Law Institute
1963- 1968 Dean, University of Virginia Law School
1965 Member, Virginia Magna Charta Commission
1965 Member, Special Advisory Committee, Air Force Academy
1966-1970 Permanent Advisory Council, Air Force Academy
1966 Sibley Lecturer, University of Georgia
1967 Recipient, Thomas Jefferson Award, University of Virginia
1967 Member, UNESCO Committee on the Role of UNESCO in the Teaching and Dissemination of International Law
1967 Tucker Lecturer, Washington and Lee Law School
1967 Bailey Lecturer, Louisiana State University
1968 Member, Virginia Commission on Constitution Revision
1970 Recipient of Distinguished Civilian Award, U.S. Air Force
1970-1979 Judge, International Court of Justice, The Hague
1970 Death of Janet Schauffler Dillard
1971 Member, Arbitral Tribunal, Beagle Channel Case between Chile and Argentina
1971 Recipient of Honorary Degree, Tulane University
1972 Married Valgerdur Nielsen Dent
1976 Recipient of Honorary Degree, Washington College, Maryland
1977 Mooers Lecturer, American University
1979 Recipient of the Wolfgang Friedman Memorial Award, Columbia University
1979 Honorary President, American Law Institute
1982 Died on 12 May in Charlottesville, Virginia
1989 Hardy S. Dillard died in February

Acquisition Information

Date Received 1991
Donor Information This addition to the Hardy Cross Dillard papers was given to the library in late 1991 by his widow, Valgerdur Dillard.                        

Content List


Box 89

Correspondence and Memorabilia:

  • Congratulatory Letters: University of Virginia Deanship Appointment, A-J 1963 (2 folders)


Box 90

  • Congratulatory Letters: University of Virginia Deanship Appointment, K-Y 1963 (2 folders)
  • Congratulatory Letters: World Court Appointment, A-Y 1969 (5 folders)
  • Mid-term grades, University of Virginia, 1919
  • Footnotes for "The Principle of Estoppel" written by HCD in Paris, 1931
  • CASALOG: newsletter for the Civil Affairs Staging Area, Presidio, Monterey, CA [during the time HCD was Commanding Officer], 1945
  • Midwinters, The Virginia Spectatorwith article about HCD, 1957
  • Alumni News of Virginia Episcopal School with article about HCD and group picture on cover (HCD 4 rows back mid-center); 1971, January-March

Oversize Shelf Cabinet: Awards, Certificates, and Degrees:

  • Degrees
    • Bachelor of Science, United States Military Academy 1924
    • Doctor of Laws, Tulane University 1971
    • Doctor of Laws, Washington College 1978

University of Virginia Awards, Recognition, etc.:

    • Beta Theta Pi membership 1919
    • The Raven Society 1926
    • Virginia Law Review, Decisions Editor 1926-1927
    • Thomas Jefferson Award 1967
    • Legal Research Group 1968
    • Sesquicentennial Award 1969
    • English-Speaking Union 1970
    • Thomas Jefferson Society of Alumni 1977

Military Certificates, Commendations, etc.:

    • School of Military Government, Graduate 1942
    • School of Military Government, Instructor 1943
    • United States Army, Reserve Commissioned Officer 1953
    • Army War College, Consultant and Advisor 1956
    • Unites States Army, Retired Reserve 1962
    • United States Air Force, Special Advisory Committee on the Air Force Academy 1965
    • United States Air Force, Exceptional Service Award 1970
    • Judge Advocate General's School, Guest Instructor 1971

Miscellaneous Awards or other recognitions:

    • The Academy of International Law at the Pontifica Bolivariana, Corresponding Member 1946
    • Virginia State Bar, Certificate of Appreciation 1959
    • American Bar Foundation, Fellow 1966
    • Washington and Lee University, Recognition 1968
    • The Practical Lawyer, CLE contribution 1969
    • World Association of Judges, Membership 1970
    • Society of the Cincinnati, Member 1972
    • Washington College School of Law, American University, Mooers Lecturer 1977
    • Cum Laude Society, Virginia Episcopal Chapter 1977
    • American Bar Foundation, Honorary Member of Fellows n.d.


    • United States Court of Appeals, Fourth Circuit, Admission to the Bar 1960



  • Alumni Association of leaders n.d.
  • Class of 1927 at 50th reunion 1977 May
  • HCD with siblings [ca. 1970?]
  • HCD with teachers and classmates n Paris 1911-12
  • HCD with Virginia Episcopal School baseball and football teams 1918, n.d.
  • HCD in West Point uniform [ca. 1920]
  • HCD with IMP members 1925-26
  • HCD with unidentified group of students 1926-27
  • HCD (formal pose) [late 1920's?]
  • HCD with group at National War College [?] [late 1940's?]
  • Photos taken at the Civil Affairs Staging Area (CASA), Presidio of Monterey, California--61 photos taken from a scrapbook 1944-45
  • HCD with four others, Shanghai, China 1945
  • HCD with Judge Thomas Michie and Colonel Robert Stumpf upon Dillard's retirement from reserve duty in the U.S. Army 1962
  • HCD with other members of the Special Advisory Committee on the Air Force Academy 1965
  • HCD receiving a special citation for outstanding service to the United States Air Force 1965
  • HCD receiving the Air Force's Decoration for Exceptional Service, 1946-1970 1970
  • HCD with Armistead Boothe and William Battle at Banquet for Emerson Spies 1980
  • HCD on a camel in Egypt with [Morris Leibman?] n.d.

Associated People

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Preferred Citation

Addendum to the Papers of Hardy C. Dillard, MSS 84-8e, Box Number, Special Collections, University of Virginia Law School Library

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