Collection Summary

Creator:
Title: The Papers of Judge James Hoge Ricks, 1916 - 1956
Accession: MSS 85-14
Description: 13 boxes; 4 linear feet
Location: SC - Basement
Photograph Collection: View 1 digitized photographs
Digitized Content: 1 objects
Addenda

Collection Description & Arrangement

The Ricks Papers, 1916-1956, consist of 4 shelf feet of selected correspondence and records of the first judge of the Richmond Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court.  These accessions represent correspondence files and materials selected from the much larger main files of the court by graduate student George B. Curtis.  In accordance with state law requiring confidentiality of case records, all case materials have been separated and returned to the court.

The collection is arranged in two concurrent series of topical fields: court files (#9909) and correspondence (#9909-a).  There appears to have been no clear distinction between the two.  In most instances, folder headings reflect the original title.  The significant exceptions are the "miscellaneous" folders, which incorporate several minor file of only one or two items each.  The original filing order has been altered to allow alphabetization and the grouping of materials relating to Juvenile Courts and Juvenile Court associations in boxes 3 and 4.

Biographical & Historical Information

A native of Caroline County and a life-long Quaker, James Hoge Ricks (1886-1958) studied at Guilford College in North Carolina (A.B, 1905) and T. C. Williams School of Law at the University of Richmond (LL.B., 1908).  He was admitted to the Bar in 1909 and became clerk and parole officer of the Juvenile Division of Police Court in 1912.

In 1916, James Hoge Ricks became a judge of the new court at age twenty-nine and held the position until his retirement in 1956.  The juvenile court movement was an outgrowth of the Progressive era, and throughout his life, Judge Ricks remained active in various social movements spawned by "humanitarian progressives" and the National Conference of Social Work (prior to 1917, the National Conference of Charities and Corrections).

Ricks was a founder and vice-president of the National Conference of Juvenile Court Judges, an organizer and officer of the Richmond Community Fund, and twice president of the National Probation Association.  Detailed biographical notes compiled by graduate student George Curtis are filed at the head of Box 1.

Among the more useful files are those pertaining to the City Charter Commission (valuable detail on the structure of the court and proposed changes), the Social Service Bureau (interesting statistical information on the early 1940's), and the 1925-1926 survey of the court (outlines of court and community services and recommendations).

Scholars may wish to consult the following unpublished dissertation which draws upon the materials in these and other files: George B. Curtis, "The Juvenile Court Movement in Virginia: The Child Savers, 1880-1973," University of Virginia, 1973.

Acquisition Information

Date Received 1985
Donor Information The library received the collection on October 29, 1973, from William T. Eads, Clerk of Court, Richmond Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court, 2000 Mecklenburg Street, Richmond, Virginia. It was transferred to the Law Library from Alderman on September 9, 1985.

Content List

Box 1:

  • 1974, n.d.; [Biographical and Legal Notes]
  • 1924-1940, n.d.; Addresses
  • ca. 1930-1945; Addresses and Historical Material
  • ca. 1928; Articles by Ricks
  • 1925-1938; American Birth Control League
  • 1927-1929; American Crime Study Commission
  • 1938-1946; Bootblacks
  • 1929-1935; Cadet Corps
  • 1921-1935; Capital Punishment
  • 1936-1944; Charles T. Booth (Charity Fund)
  • 1925-1933; Boys Club
  • 1925-1937; Child Welfare League of America
  • n.d.; Child Welfare Conference
  • 1938-1942; Children's Memorial Clinic
  • 1947; City Charter Commission of Richmond
  • 1926, 1934; Civil Justice Court
  • 1927, 1941-1946; Clippings
  • 1925-1946; Colored Playgrounds Recreation Association

Box 2:

  • 1925-[1934?]; Committee on Militarism in Education
  • 1940-1948; Community Council of Richmond
  • 1943-1946; Community Fund of Richmond
  • 1934-1935; Community Recreation Association
  • 1944; Confidentiality of Records
  • 1944-1945; Court – Miscellaneous
  • 1936-1940; Crimes - Causes and Effects
  • 1932-1936; F. Lawton Crutchfield
  • 1930; Judge John A. Crutchfield
  • 1946- 1947; Department of Justice - John W. Andrews
  • 1927-1938; Detention Home
  • 1934; Disarmament - Vinson Bill
  • 1939-1940; FBI - J. Edgar Hoover
  • 1944-1948; Friends Association of Colored Children
  • 1938-1943; Girl Scouts of Richmond
  • 1927-1935; Governor's Conference on Child Labor
  • 1923; Greek American Association
  • 1929-1939; Interracial Commission

Box 3:

  • 1941; Juvenile Court Anniversary
  • 1929-1946; Juvenile Court Charity Fund
  • 1948-1950; Juvenile Court Committee - Virginia Conference of Social Work
  • 1942-1944; Juvenile Court Memoranda
  • n.d.; Juvenile Court - Photos, Building Plan
  • 1923-1943; Juvenile Court Rules
  • 1932-1945; Juvenile & Domestic Relations Court Judges
  • 1941; Juvenile Court Survey
  • 1919-1950, n.d.; Laws and Court Decisions [2 folders]

Box 4:

  • 19401-1944; Mayor's Advisory Committee Survey on Juvenile Court
  • 1936-1953; National Association of Juvenile Court Judges
  • 1926-1946; Norfolk Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court
  • 1946; Refresher Course - Juvenile Court Judges
  • 1937-1948; Roanoke - Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court
  • ca. 1925, 1926; Survey - Juvenile and Domestic Relations Court
  • 1945-1951; Virginia Council of Juvenile Court Judges [2 folders]
  • 1936-1945; Miscellaneous Juvenile Courts

Box 5:

  • 1946; Juvenile Delinquency Conference
  • 1926; Juvenile Protective Association
  • 1929-1938; A. S. Macfarlane
  • 1923; Maryland Industrial Training School for Boys
  • ca. 1933; Re: Joseph T. Mastin Dinner
  • 1949-1952; Mellon Foundation
  • 1941-1942; Joe Mickens Case
  • 1927-1936; Re: Mothers' Pension
  • 1925-1935; National Child Labor Law
  • 1930-1944; National Children's Bureau
  • 1921-1942; National Committee for Mental Hygiene
  • 1932-1947; National Conference of Social Work
  • 1946; National Conference on Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency
  • 1947-1950; National Council for the Prevention of War
  • 1927-1932; National Crime Commission
  • 1930-1948; National Probation Association

Box 6:

  • 1933; Re: NRA Newspapers Publishers' Codes
  • 1932-1940; Navy Recruiting
  • 1941; Negro Crime Commission
  • 1928-1937; Negro Welfare Survey
  • 1924-1948; New Legislation
  • 1925-1933; New York School of Social Work
  • 1919-1941; Paternity Legislation
  • 1926-1928; Police Women – Washington
  • 1938-1942; Probation and Parole
  • 1934-1941; Probation Bill – Federal
  • 1929-1937; Re: Prohibition and Liquor Control Law
  • 1930; Racial Integrity Law and Indians
  • 1937-1948; Richmond Bar Association
  • 1933-1948; Richmond City Attorney
  • 1932-1948; Richmond City Council Finance Committee

Box 7:

  • 1935-1947; Richmond City Public Schools
  • 1933-1935; Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1943; Runaways
  • 1925-1927; Shrubbery Hill Parental School
  • 1941-1944; Social Service Bureau
  • 1934-1945; Trial Justices Association
  • 1935, 1945, 1949; Virginia Advisory Council
  • 1926-1947; Virginia Conference of Social Work
  • 1932-1941; Virginia Governors - Price, Peery, Pollard
  • 1942-1948; Virginia Governors - Darden and Tuck
  • 1947; Virginia League for Planned Parenthood
  • 1930-1945; Virginia State Bar Association
  • 1940; Visitors
  • 1948-1949; United Nations
  • 1939-1941; WPA - General Correspondence
  • 1937-1939; WPA - Probation Project
  • 1946; Orville Lee Whetzel
  • 1945-1948; YMCA & YWCA, Richmond, Virginia
  • 1936-1947; Miscellany
  • 1911-1942; Miscellaneous Pamphlets

Box 8:

  • 1930-1947; Applications - Deputy Clerk
  • 1943-1948; Applications - Miscellaneous Positions
  • 1944-1946; Applications – Referee
  • ca. 1944-1946; Applications – Miscellaneous
  • 1947; Applications - Chief Probation Officer
  • 1943-1945; Applications - Intake Officer
  • 1943-1945; Applications Chief Probation Officer; Supt. of Detention Home
  • 1943-1945; Applications - Counselor for Negro Children
  • 1941-1943; Applications - Colored

Box 9:

  • 1940-1945; Applications
  • 1934-1948; ABC Board
  • 1927-1934; Air Rifles and Guns
  • 1921-1933; Boarding Houses for Children
  • 1935-1936; Bethany Home
  • 1924-1925; Boy Scouts of America
  • 1936-1944; Boys' Home - Covington, Virginia
  • 1931-1954; Bank Statements
  • 1940-1944; Children's Home
  • 1939; Central Application Bureau
  • 1943; Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Company
  • 1940-1944; Children's Aid Society of Richmond
  • 1937; Church and Social Service Worker
  • 1925-1935; Council on Social Workers
  • 1937-1947; Crime Prevention Bureau of Richmond
  • 1926-1937; Directories - Social Workers, Probation Officers
  • 1934-1953 Detention Home Rules
  • 1940-1953; Detention Home - Staff and Advisory Committee
  • 1941-1954; Detention Home - Medical Reports

Box 10:

  • 1940-1948; Detention Home Repairs
  • 1931-1947; Detention Home - Application for Assistant Matrons, Medical Inspector
  • 1927-1946; Driver Permits
  • 1939-1942; Estimates
  • ca. 1936-1940; Extradition
  • 1937-1938; Mrs. F. H. Fishburne (Charity Fund)
  • 1942-1947; Family Service Society
  • 1945-1948; Hanover Industrial School
  • 1933-1934; Home Owners' Loan Corporation
  • 1932-1937; J. M. Hord
  • 1933-1941; W. T. Jones
  • 1926-1946; Juvenile Court Insurance

Box 11:

  • 1929, 1953; Juvenile Court – Automobiles
  • 1927-1946; Juvenile Court Staff – Payroll
  • 1939-1944; Magistrates
  • 1935; Manassas Industrial School
  • 1948-1952; Marriage Counseling Service
  • 1934-1945; Medical Society of Virginia
  • 1947-1948; Memorial Guidance Clinic
  • 1937-1944; Memorial Home for Girls
  • 1936-1937; Carroll R. Minor
  • 1934; Norfolk Community Fund
  • 1936-1943; National Youth Organization
  • 1937; Organization of Social Forces
  • 1928; Parents' Council
  • 1930-1931; Parental School
  • 1942-1944; Pensions
  • 1930-1931; Prisoners Aid Association
  • 1939-1946; Probation Officers - Application and Requests
  • 1927-1941; Public Welfare
  • 1943; Ration Books
  • n.d.; Reading Lists
  • 1944-1946; Miscellaneous Receipts
  • 1924, n.d.; Records and Statistics

Box 12:

  • 1941-1943; Requisitions
  • 1944-1945; Retirement System
  • 1934-1945; Richmond Building Inspector
  • 1943-1948; Richmond Chief of Police
  • 1931-1946; Richmond City Comptroller
  • 1944; Richmond City Home
  • 1931-1948; Richmond City Council
  • 1942-1944; Richmond Commonwealth's Attorney
  • 1925; Richmond Council of Churches
  • 1925-1946; Richmond Council of Social Agencies
  • 1923-1944; Richmond Curfew Ordinance
  • 1934; Richmond Employment Bureau
  • 1953-1954; Richmond First Club
  • 1937, 1946; Richmond Home for Boys
  • 1942-1948; Richmond Mayors
  • 1934-1948; Richmond Ordinances
  • 1931-1941; Richmond Parks and Playgrounds

Box 13:

  • 1941-1945; Richmond Public Safety
  • 1933-1948; Richmond Public Works
  • 1941-1944; Richmond Social Service Bureau
  • 1925; Russell Sage Foundation
  • 1925-1931; St. Mar's Industrial School;
  • 1922-1923; Salaries - Court Officers
  • 1937; Salem Baptist Orphanage
  • 1925; Salvation Army
  • 1944-1947; School Attendance Officer – Richmond
  • 1926-1949; Social Service Exchange
  • 1936; State Federation of Colored Women's Clubs
  • 1925 -1944; Stockdon, W. I., Jr.
  • 1935; Superintendent of Documents
  • 1933-1943; Travelers Aid Society
  • 1937-ca. 1940; Trial Justices - Counties and Cities
  • ca. 1932; Unemployment
  • 1928-1930; U. S. Federation of Justice
  • 1945; Venereal Disease Control
  • 1940-1943; Virginia Conference Orphanage
  • 1931-1947; Virginia - Attorney General
  • 1942; Virginia – Auditor
  • 1932-1947; Virginia - Commissioner of Labor
  • 1939-1943; Virginia – Comptroller
  • 1944-1948; Virginia - Department of Public Welfare
  • 1936-1942; Virginia – Penitentiary
  • 1937-1938; Virginia - Unemployment Compensation Commission
  • 1935; Virginia - Western State Hospital
  • 1935-1946; Virginia - Welfare Council
  • 1932-1933; Visiting Teachers
  • 1953-1954; War Memorial
  • 1928- 1944; William Byrd Community House
  • 1929-1946; William and Mary College - Richmond Division
  • 1920-1949; Miscellaneous [3 folders]

Associated People

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