Richardson, pursuer, and Fenwick, defender, both seek to collect on payments originally from John Bedford and Son, an English firm. Due to financial trouble, checks endorsed by John Bedford and Son cannot be cashed. Instead, Richardson and Fenwick seek to collect from several Scottish firms that owed money to John Bedford and Son. Under a "letter of arrestment ad jurisdictionem fundandam," a creditor can bring a foreign debtor's property under the jurisdiction of the Scottish court. In this case the foreign debtor's property is debt. Richardson and Fenwick dispute who has priority to these debts. Fenwick alleges that Richardson's procedure for authorizing letters of arrestment was irregular and therefore ineffective. Richardson disputes Fenwick's claim, and further argues that Fenwick incorrectly identified the debtor as Bedford and Son instead of John Bedford and Son.