William Park of Langlands, pursuer, claims that the lands of Barkip belong to him. Robert Craig Sr., defender, claims that he has the right to possess half of the lands of Barkip based on a heritable bond dating back to 1726. William Craig, brother of Robert Craig Sr. had the other half but after his death, his oldest son Robert Craig Jr. inherited it. William Park of Mainshill, the pursuer's father, granted a heritable bond to John Hamilton of Auchinvole. This bond apparently stipulated that Park's ancestors would give up the lands of Barkip if the bond was not paid on time. The bond was due in Martinmas 1732. Park claims that the bond was paid in part. He argues that the defenders only have an encumbrance on the lands of Barkip in the form of a debt, and not a right in the lands themselves. Park sets forth a distinction between "termly failzies" (real property obligations) and "ordinary penalties" (personal obligations). Park alleges that the process that put Craig in possession of the lands of Barkip was improper, thus he brings an action of reduction and declarator of extinction of the adjudication to defender.