Collection Summary

Creator: McCulloch, Frank W.
Title: Addendum to the Papers of Frank W. McCulloch [d]
Accession: MSS 85-13d
Parent Collection: The Papers of Frank W. McCulloch, 1971-1988
Description: 5 cartons
Location: This collection is stored offsite. Please contact Special Collections before your visit to ensure your papers are available.
Photograph Collection: View 0 digitized photographs
Digitized Content: 0 objects
Use Restrictions: There are no restrictions.

Collection Description & Arrangement

Frank W. Mc Culloch was appointed member of the Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations of the International Labor Organization [ILO] in November of 1974 and was an active member of the organization until his resignation in August of 1985. The documents reflect the work of the organization and the weight the ILO had in issues such as the Solidarity Movement in Poland. Researchers can find important documents about the USA withdrawal from the ILO and the effort of major figures in the labor movement to discourage that action.

Biographical & Historical Information

Born in Evanston, Illinois, Frank Waugh McCulloch was the son of two lawyers, both of whom were active in civic and social causes. He attended Williams College, where he received his A.B. degree in 1926, and Harvard University, where he received his LL.B. in 1929. From 1930 to 1935 McCulloch worked by day for the Chicago firm of Sonnenschein, Berkson, Lautmann, Levinson & Morse, and in the evenings he did social settlement work in the Chicago Commons. From 1935 to 1946, he was the Industrial Relations Secretary for the Council for Social Action of the Congregational Christian Churches of America at its Chicago office. In 1940 was appointed director of the James Mullenbach Industrial Institute, a joint project of the Chicago Congregational Union and the Council for Social Action for which he worked until 1946. In addition, McCulloch was active in a great variety of organizations such as the Chicago Chapter of the League For Industrial Democracy, the North American Committee to Aid Spanish Democracy, the Union for Democratic Action, the Executive Committee of Americans for Democratic Action, the Conscientious Objector's Information and Service Bureau, the Chicago Workers Committee on Unemployment, the American Society for Cultural Relations with Russia, and the Mid-West Institute of International Relations.

In 1946 he became director of the Labor Education Division of Roosevelt University, a position he resigned in 1949 in order to become an administrative assistant to U.S. Senator Paul H. Douglas of Illinois. He held this post until President John F. Kennedy appointed him Chairman of the National Labor Relations Board in 1961, and Lyndon B. Johnson reappointed him to a second term. A firm believer in industrial democracy, McCulloch remained in his position at the NLRB for ten years and then joined the law faculty at the University of Virginia. His courses included Labor Law and Labor Law in Action. From 1971 to 1988 he served on the Public Review Board of the United Auto Workers. In 1972 he became a member of the Virginia Commission on Public Employee Rights, serving for four years. In 1974 he was appointed to succeed former Supreme Court Chief Justice Earl Warren on the Committee of Experts of the International Labor Organization, a United Nations agency, where he served until 1985. For ten years, starting in 1977, he was a member of the Albemarle County Industrial Development Authority. He died in 1996.

Acquisition Information

Date Received 1993
Donor Information This collection was given to the Law School by Frank W. McCulloch in October of 1993.

Content List

Box 81:

  • 1975-1990, International Labor Office [ILO], Articles on the ILO
  • 1975-1985, ILO-Committee on the Application of Convention and Recommendations [CACR], Committee of Experts Reports in Achieving Observance of the Provisions of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights [2 folders]
  • 1975-1977, ILO-CACR, Reports
  • 1978, ILO-CACR, Reports

Box 82:

  • 1979-1980, ILO-CACR, Reports
  • 1981-1982, ILO-CACR, Reports, press releases and newspaper clippings
  • 1983-1984, ILO-CACR, Information and reports, U.S. Delegation report
  • 1986, ILO-CACR, Reports
  • 1987, ILO-CACR, Reports, U.S. Delegation Report
  • 1988-1989, ILO-CACR Reports

Box 83:

  • 1990-1992, ILO-CACR Reports
  • 1987, ILO, Commission of Inquiry, Germany, South Africa, Recommendations
  • 1984, ILO, Commission of Inquiry, Poland1
  • 991, ILO, Committee of Experts controversy
  • 1983, ILO, Conference, newspaper clippings
  • 1975-1985, ILO- Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe [CSCE], Helsinki: 1975, Madrid: 1983, Reports, statements, newspaper clippings
  • 1983, ILO-CSCE, USSR Forced Labor, Poland situation, newspaper clippings
  • 1967-1980, ILO Conventions
  • 1976, ILO Correspondence

Box 84:

  • 1979, ILO Correspondence and conference evaluations
  • 1980, ILO Correspondence, U.S Return, Poland erupts
  • 1981, ILO Correspondence
  • 1983, ILO Correspondence
  • 1975-1981, ILO-Council of Europe, Legal questions
  • 1983-1986, ILO, Eastern Block Attack to ILO Supervision
  • 1981, ILO, Freedom of Association Committee. Report on complaint v. U.S. on Patco strike
  • 1983-1984, Freedom of Association Committee
  • 1984, ILO, Freedom of Association Committee Documents. Complaint v. U.S. by Capitol Organizing Group [CEOG] and by Norsk Hydro-Aluminium

Box 85:

  • 1979-1983, ILO, Governing Body Documents, Freedom of Association Committee [3 folders]
  • 1978, ILO, Governing Body, Non-Observance of the Discrimination (employment and occupation) by Czechoslovakia
  • 1981, ILO-Greece "emergency"
  • 1988, ILO, Human Rights-Poland, Reports and newspaper clippings
  • 1987-1993, ILO, International Labor Rights Education and Research Fund
  • 1974, ILO, Mc Culloch Appointment
  • 1984, ILO, Mc Culloch's notes on Committee of Experts

Box 86:

  • 1985, ILO, Mc Culloch resignation
  • 1979-1984, ILO Miscellaneous documents
  • 1979, ILO Miscellaneous Reports: Arab Territories, Transport Workers, Czechoslovakia, USA & ILO, etc.
  • 1982, ILO-Poland, Freedom of Association documents, Solidarity Memorandum, Landy Data. [2 folders]
  • 1984, ILO-Poland, Freedom of Association Reports and newspaper clippings
  • 1986, ILO-Poland, Correspondence and newspaper articles

Box 87:

  • 1982, ILO-Poland, Correspondence, reports and newspaper clippings
  • 1980-1989, ILO-Poland, Documents and newspaper clippings
  • 1980-1981, 1989, ILO-Poland, newspaper clippings. [3 folders]
  • 1987, ILO-Poland, Reports and newspaper clippings
  • 1985, ILO-Poland, Repression of Polish. Reports and newspaper clippings

Box 88:

  • 1983, ILO-Poland Reports. Correspondence with Msgr, George G, Higgings, newspaper clippings
  • 1984, ILO-Poland, Report of the Governing Body to examine the complaints against Poland of the freedom of association and protection. Polish response
  • 1984, ILO-Poland-U.S., Reports and correspondence
  • 1983, ILO, Pre-Conference Workshop
  • 1981, ILO-Tripartite Advisory Panel on International Labor Standards [TAPILS]. Restricted
  • 1981-1982, ILO-USDL [United States Department of Labor], Preparatory Conference, Leesburg, Va.

Box 89:

  • 1976-1991, ILO-U.S. Ratification
  • 1976, ILO, U.S. Intent to Withdraw
  • 1977, ILO, U.S. Intent to Withdraw, working files
  • 1969-1985, ILO-U.S. Relationship. Official Reports
  • 1977, ILO-U.S. Withdrawal. Letters against
  • 1977, ILO-U.S. Withdrawal, newspaper clippings
  • 1978, ILO-U.S. Withdrawal, correspondence and newspaper clippings

Box 90:

  • 1977, ILO-U.S., Post-withdrawal correspondence
  • 1984, ILO-Belgium, Report to Examine the Implementation of International Labor Conditions
  • 1981, ILO-Puerto Rico, Report of the Fact- Finding and Conciliation Commission on Freedom of Association
  • 1988-1993, ILO Washington Focus [2 folders]
  • 1982, Poland, New Polish Labor Laws Reports, newspaper clippings
  • 1989, Sachs, Jeffrey D.: "Social Conflict and Populist Policies in Latin America", NBER
  • 1989, Working Paper 2897. "Making the Brady Plan Works", May
  • 19891981-1982, Students Articles. Lewis, Geoffrey D.: "The International Labor Organization and the Polish Independent Labor Movement". Midraelson (sic) Robert N.: "The Polish Labor Crisis of 1980: An Assessment of the Role of the International Labor Organization"
  • 1983, United Nations Economic and Social Council. Commission on Human Rights, Report on Poland
  • 1983, USDL [U.S. Department of Labor]-IMEC Working Party on Standards, USDL-ILO Standards

Box 91:

  • 1982, USDL, Bureau of International Labor Affairs. Reports, notes, articles. Freedom of Association working papers
  • 1982-1984, USDL-ILO, Forced Labor, Human Rights Assaults
  • 1987, 1989, USDL-ILO-TAPILS Meeting1980, USDL-ILO, Tripartite Consultation Convention
  • 1979, USDL Working papers
  • 1984, USDL Projects
  • 1982-1983, USDL-State Department, USSR Forced Labor
  • 1980-1981, USDL-Tripartite Advisory Panel (re: ratification). U.S.-ILO actions. Restricted
  • 1987-1988, Worker Rights Articles
  • 1986-2988, Workers Rights, Trade Laws, newspaper clippings

Box 92:

  • 1983, International Labor Office Official Bulletin, Vol. LXVI, Series B
  • 1976, ILO, Freedom of Association, Digest of decisions of the Freedom of Association Committee of the Governing Body of the ILO
  • 1980, Kruglak, Gregory T.: The Politics of United States Decision-Making in United Nations Specialized Agencies: The Case of the International Labor Organization
  • 1980, Karatnycky, Adrian et. al.: Workers Rights, East and West
  • 1982-1984, Workers under Communism a journal of information and analysis, Nos.1-5.
  • 1979, Bernstein, Harry and Joan: Industrial Democracy in 12 Nations
  • 1983, Puddington, Arch: Are Things Getting Better in Eastern Europe?
  • 1981-1983, Bulletin, Solidarnosc, Jointly Publish by the Polish Workers Task Force, League for Industrial Democracy and Poland Watch Center, Issues 1-4
  • 1979, Office of International Organizations and Technological Assistance, Bureau of International Labor Affairs, U.S. Department of Labor: Cabinet Level Committee on the ILO, Task Force on International Labor Standards
  • 1984, Lawyers Committee for International Human Rights: Poland: Three Years After. A Report on Human Rights

Associated People

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Preferred Citation

Papers of Frank W. McCulloch, 1971-1988, MSS 85-13, Box Number, Special Collections, University of Virginia Law School Library

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